A breed of dog that was developed in Mexico is the chihuahua. There was just one type of short-haired chihuahua at first. Then, as Americans and Europeans became aware of this diminutive and charming breed, they swiftly gained popularity and spread over the world. Since that time, long-haired chihuahuas have spread over the globe.
Your Longhaired Chihuahua’s Health
We are aware that you want to take excellent care of your dog since you love her so much. For this reason, we have outlined the health issues that you and your Chihuahua will be talking about. We can design a preventive health plan to check for and, perhaps, avoid certain expected dangers by being aware of the health issues that are particular to Longhaired Chihuahuas.
Numerous illnesses and medical disorders are inherited, which means they are influenced by the breed of your cat. The diseases we’ve discussed below have a considerable rate of occurrence and/or influence in this breed, according to the agreement of canine genetic experts and veterinarians. This does not imply that your dog will have these issues; it only indicates that she is more vulnerable than other dogs. To give you an indication of what could develop in the future for her, we’ll outline the most typical problems seen in Longhaired Chihuahuas. We obviously can’t cover every scenario here, so always contact us if you have any strange indications or symptoms.
The most significant genetic predispositions for Longhaired Chihuahuas are included in this book, along with basic health information pertinent to all dogs. This information helps in our joint planning for the particular medical requirements of your pet. We’ve also included information on what you can do at home to maintain your Chi’s health and appearance at the end of the brochure. You’ll be aware of what to look out for, and everyone will feel better knowing that your friend is receiving the finest treatment available.
General Health Information for your Longhaired Chihuahua
By the time canines are two years old, 80 percent of dogs have dental disease, making it the most prevalent chronic issue in pets. And regrettably, compared to other dogs, your long-haired Chihuahua is more prone to have dental issues.
It begins with tooth tartar accumulation and escalates to gum and tooth root infection. Your friend will likely lose her teeth and run the risk of harming her kidneys, liver, heart, and joints if we don’t treat or prevent dental disease. The lifespan of your Longhaired Chihuahua can even be shortened by one to three years! We’ll provide your dog frequent dental cleanings and advise you on how to maintain your pet’s healthy teeth at home.
The same bacterial and viral illnesses that may affect any dog, including parvo, rabies, and distemper, can affect longhaired Chihuahuas. We will advise immunization depending on the illnesses we find in our region, her age, and other considerations since many of these infections are avoidable with vaccine.
A serious health issue for Longhaired Chihuahuas may be obesity. It is a dangerous condition that may aggravate heart disease, back discomfort, metabolic and digestive diseases, and joint difficulties. When your friend looks at you with those soulful eyes, it might be tempting to offer her food, but you can “love her to death” with leftover human food and dog treats. Give her a hug instead, clean her hair or teeth, play a game with her, or maybe go on a stroll with her. Both you and she will feel better!
Inside and outside, your Chi’s body may get infested with various worms and insects. Her skin and ears might get infested by everything from ear mites to fleas and ticks. She may get hookworms, roundworms, heartworms, and whipworms by drinking contaminated water, peeing on contaminated ground, or being bitten by an infected mosquito, among other methods.
All of these parasites should be taken seriously since some of them may spread to you or a member of your family. It’s critical that we regularly test for these parasites since they may harm your dog buddy and possibly cause death. In order to maintain her health, we may also suggest preventative medicine.
Spay or Neuter
Scheduling a spay procedure for your Chihuahua is one of the finest things you can do for her (neutered for males). This entails surgically removing the testicles from men and the ovaries and often the uterus from females. By having your pet spayed or neutered, you may reduce the risk of some malignancies as well as the probability of your pet becoming pregnant or siring unwanted pups.
While your pet is asleep during this procedure, we have the opportunity to spot and treat various ailments that your dog is prone to get. For instance, now would be an excellent time to schedule your pet’s hip X-rays or a puppy tooth extraction. Both you and your buddy will find this simple and handy. Prior to surgery, routine blood testing enables us to detect and address frequent issues that raise the risk of anesthesia or operation. Don’t worry; when the time comes, we’ll talk about the precise issues we’ll be searching for.
Genetic Predispositions for Longhaired Chihuahuas
Few things have a more significant effect on your dog’s quality of life than the health of his eyes. Unfortunately, there are many different eye problems that Longhaired Chihuahuas may inherit or acquire, some of which can result in blindness if not treated immediately away, and the majority of which can be quite painful! Every time we examine him, we’ll look at his eyes to check for any potential problems.
Glaucoma is an eye ailment that affects both humans and Longhaired Chihuahuas. If neglected, it may quickly result in blindness. Squinting, watery eyes, blueing of the cornea (the transparent front of the eye), and redness of the eye whites are all symptoms. Pet owners almost ever notice pain, despite the fact that it occurs regularly and may be quite severe.
Certain forms of glaucoma patients often describe how it feels like an ice pick has been stuck in their eye. Yikes! In severe situations, the eye may seem swollen, enlarged, or bulging. To identify the condition and begin treatment as soon as feasible, we will do his yearly glaucoma examination. Medical emergency glaucoma. Call us right away if you notice any symptoms, and then get to an emergency room!
Keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or dry eye, is a prevalent condition in Longhaired Chihuahuas. To keep the eye moist, the tear glands no longer generate enough tears, which causes infections and irritated, itchy eyes. Ouch! A heavy discharge, squinting, pawing at the eye, or a dull, dry look of the eye are all signs of this condition. If you see any of these symptoms, contact us right away since this illness is painful. When we evaluate him, we’ll run a tear test on him. If your dog has this condition, we will prescribe an ointment that you must use for the duration of your dog’s life.
In senior Chihuahuas, cataracts are a frequent cause of blindness. When we check him, we’ll keep an eye out for his eye lenses becoming more opaque, so that they seem foggy rather than clear. Many canines cope well with losing their eyesight and continue to function normally. There may also be a surgical procedure to remove cataracts and restore vision.
In their senior years, Longhaired Chihuahuas often pass away from heart failure. The majority of canine heart disease is brought on by weakened valves. A heart valve gradually deteriorates, losing its ability to seal securely. The heart is strained as a result of blood leaking back around the valve. Heart murmurs are seen in animals with heart valve disease, also known as mitral valve disease.
If your dog exhibits any visible symptoms of heart illness or a heart murmur, we will conduct tests to assess the severity of the condition. To keep an eye on the issue, the same tests will need to be performed at least once a year. Early detection of heart valve dysfunction may allow us to administer drugs that might significantly extend his life. Veterinary dental care, fatty acid supplements, and weight management may all help prevent heart disease and lessen its symptoms.
A tiny conduit that conducts blood between two areas of the heart may become open soon after birth in Chihuahuas, a disorder known as Patent Ductus Arteriosis. As a consequence, the heart is put under stress and too much blood is sent to the lungs, leading to fluid accumulation. Aside from moderate symptoms, you can also notice coughing, exercise-related weariness, weight loss, shortness of breath, or weakness in the rear limbs. During his tests, we listen for a certain kind of cardiac murmur to identify this issue. If your friend has this disease, we could suggest having the troublesome vessel surgically closed.
Your Chihuahua’s patella (knee cap) might sometimes move out of position (called patellar luxation). You could see that as he moves forward, he sometimes raises up his rear leg and skips or hops for a short distance. After popping the kneecap back into place with a sideways leg kick, he is once again in good health. Your acquaintance could simply need little arthritis medicine if the issue only affects one leg and is minor. Surgery may be required to straighten the kneecap to prevent it from popping out of position when symptoms are severe.
The trachea, or windpipe, resembles the ridged hose of a vacuum cleaner because it is constructed of rings of cartilage. This construction offers flexibility and strength, much as the hose does. The cartilage rings of Longhaired Chihuahuas may sometimes be weak or misformed. Coughing and trouble breathing might result from the trachea collapsing and narrowing. The majority of tracheal collapse instances are moderate, and medicine is used to address the symptoms. Surgery could be a possibility if symptoms are severe.
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease, a painful degenerative hip ailment, may be more common in young Longhaired Chihuahuas. Although the precise etiology of this ailment is still unknown, it is believed to be related to a problem with blood flow to the hip, which makes the femoral head (the top of the thigh bone) brittle and susceptible to fracture. Ouch! It often appears between the ages of six and nine months, results in discomfort and lameness in one or both hind legs, and frequently necessitates surgery.
Hemophilia, a bleeding condition, is prone to in your longhaired chihuahua. Before doing surgery, we will run diagnostic tests to evaluate his blood clotting time. This is a crucial test since it’s possible that we won’t discover that your pet has this condition until major bleeding breaks out after surgery or after a terrible accident.
Compared to other dogs, your Chi is more prone to suffer from the liver condition known as portosystemic shunt (PSS). The liver isn’t getting all the blood it needs to expand and operate correctly because some of the blood supply that should go to it instead goes around it. If your friend has PSS, his liver is unable to effectively remove toxins from his bloodstream.
Every time he has anesthesia, we’ll do a liver function test in addition to the usual pre-anesthetic panel to look for this issue. We’ll examine his blood and maybe do an ultrasound of his liver if he starts exhibiting signs like seizures or stunted development. Surgery could be required, however there are certain conditions that can be managed with medicine and a particular diet.
Bladder or Kidney Stones
Longhaired Chihuahuas are more susceptible to developing kidney or bladder stones than other breeds are. There are many distinct forms of stones that may develop in these organs. His urine will be checked on a regular basis for telltale indications of kidney and bladder stones; they hurt. It is a medical emergency if your friend has blood in his pee, is unable to urinate, or is struggling to urinate. Contact us right now!
Large-headed and small-pelvic breeds are more likely to have complications during labor. Her pelvis is just too narrow to deliver pups, thus a C-section is often necessary for both the mother’s and the puppies’ welfare. First, have a conversation with us if you’re considering breeding your Chi. Based on the body conformation of both the sire and the mother, we can assist you in making an educated selection.
Retained Puppy Teeth
Around 4 months of age is when a dog’s primary (or “puppy”) teeth start to fall out. Adult teeth may get infected or damaged if the primary teeth do not fall out when the adult teeth erupt. Small breeds like Chihuahuas often have retained teeth.
Between the main tooth and the regular adult tooth, the retained puppy teeth collect food and hair. If left untreated, adult tooth loss, painful gums, and foul breath may occur. If puppy teeth appear alongside his adult teeth, we’ll keep an eye on how his teeth are developing and may advise having them removed.
Longhaired Chihuahuas are susceptible to a number of neurologic conditions. Seizures, imbalance, tremors, weakness, or excessive sleeping are examples of neurological symptoms. Please seek emergency veterinarian attention if you have any of these symptoms.
Low Blood Sugar
Young, small-breed dogs, like Longhaired Chihuahuas, are prone to hypoglycemia, often known as low blood sugar. It may result from a variety of circumstances. Weakness, collapsing, and convulsions are some of the physical symptoms. These symptoms might appear during physical activity, excitement, or a meal skip. Call us immediately away if your child exhibits any of these symptoms. Fortunately, most people outgrow this issue after it has been managed at this early age.
People with allergies to pollen, mildew, or dust sneeze and have itchy eyes. Allergies in dogs cause their skin to scratch rather than sneeze. Chihuahuas often suffer from atopy, sometimes known as a skin allergy. Most often, the feet, abdomen, skin folds, and ears are the most affected. The majority of the time, symptoms appear between the ages of one and three and might worsen annually. The most typical symptoms are licking the paws, stroking the face, and recurrent ear infections. The good news is that this illness has a wide range of potential treatments.
Spinal Cord Injuries
Compared to other breeds, long-haired Chihuahuas are more susceptible to having instability in the first two neck vertebrae (called the atlantal and the axial vertebrae). A abrupt spinal cord damage in the neck may result from this. Your dog is in pain if he suddenly becomes unable or reluctant to leap up or climb stairs, screams out seemingly out of the blue, or attempts to turn or lower his head when you pick him up.
Contact us right now! Medication will be used to manage the discomfort, and sometimes surgery may be suggested. Weight management aids in its prevention, as it does with so many other ailments. Since this breed tends to jump up and off of furniture often, it’s crucial to utilize ramps or stairs from the time your dog is a puppy to prevent lifelong neck tension.
A tiny mite called Demodex inhabits the hair follicles of dogs. They exist in all dogs. The immune system of a dog normally controls mite populations, but certain breeds, like your Chihuahua, might acquire an overpopulation of these mites. Pet owners may detect a few dry, itchy, hairless lesions in less severe instances. These often show up on the foot or face and might be irritating or not. There might be secondary skin infections. To prevent the condition from spiraling out of control, prompt veterinarian treatment is essential. While some dogs appear to outgrow the issue, others need ongoing care.
Water on the Brain
When fluid accumulates within the skull and exerts pressure on the brain, hydrocephalus results. Breeds with dome-shaped skulls, like your Longhaired Chihuahua, are more prone to this problem. When the skull bones don’t correctly merge, it often occurs. Seizures, trouble socializing the puppy, diminished mental acuity, circling, and a spastic stride are symptoms. Although it is infrequently seen in adult dogs, it is mostly found in the early stages of life. During her appointments, we will keep this risk in mind, suggest early testing, and go over suitable treatments in case symptoms appear.
Taking Care of Your Longhaired Chihuahua at Home
Like it is with humans, a lot of what you can do to keep your dog happy and healthy is common sense. Watch her nutrition, ensure she exercises often, wash her teeth and coat frequently, and contact us or a pet emergency hospital if anything looks out of the ordinary (see “What to Watch For” below). Ensure that you follow the recommended timetable for her checkups and shots.
At this time, we will do the required “check-ups” on her and test her for illnesses and ailments that affect Chihuahuas often. Getting pet health insurance is a crucial next step in providing for your pet. She’ll undoubtedly need medical exams and operations throughout her life, and pet health insurance can help you pay for those expenses.
Routine Care, Diet, and Exercise
To help your Chi live longer, remain healthier, and be happy throughout her lifespan, include regular care into your calendar. The value of a healthy diet and regular exercise cannot be overstated.
- As you would a young child, keep an eye on your pet. Close doors, clean up your mess, and section off rooms as required. She will stay safe and away from things she shouldn’t ingest thanks to this.
- To avoid matting, brush her coat as necessary and at least once a week.
- In general, longhaired Chihuahuas have healthy teeth, which you may maintain by cleaning them at least twice a week!
- Even as a puppy, clean her ears every week. We’ll show you how, so don’t worry!
- quite susceptible to the cold, hence a thick winter outfit is required.
- She will benefit from frequent indoor play and daily walks; she is well-suited to apartment life.
- She is not advised for families with young children due to her forceful personality and petite stature.
- Don’t offer your dog human food and maintain consistency in her diet.
- Feed her a nutritious food according to her age.
- Regular exercise is important for your dog, but start off slowly.
In essence, taking care of a long-haired chihuahua is the same as taking care of one with short hair. Please give them your undivided attention and love.
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